[vc_row full_width=”stretch_row_content_no_spaces” bg_type=”image” parallax_style=”vcpb-default” bg_image_new=”id^1511|url^|caption^null|alt^null|title^bracesgirl|description^null” bg_image_repeat=”no-repeat”][vc_column][vc_empty_space height=”350px”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_custom_heading text=”Glossary” font_container=”tag:h1|text_align:left” use_theme_fonts=”yes”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column][vc_toggle title=”Archwire” el_id=”1472504006289-49c1d575-278c”]A wire engaged in orthodontic attachments, affixed to the crowns of two or more teeth and capable of causing or guiding tooth movement.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Band (orthodontic)” el_id=”1472504040135-877cc151-15a5″]A thin metal ring, usually stainless steel, which serves to secure orthodontic attachments to a tooth. The band, with orthodontic attachments welded or soldered to it, is closely adapted to fit the contours of the tooth and then cemented into place.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Bracket” el_id=”1472504039820-251f29dd-ac43″]An orthodontic attachment that is secured to a tooth (either by bonding or banding) for the purpose of engaging an archwire. Brackets can be fabricated from metal, ceramic or plastic.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Ceramic brackets” el_id=”1472504039526-d077e98e-c41e”]Crystalline, alumina, tooth-shade or clear synthetic sapphire brackets that are aesthetically more attractive than conventional metal attachments.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Crowding” el_id=”1472504039213-a4d20664-65e2″]Dental malalignment caused by inadequate space for the teeth.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Debanding” el_id=”1472504038908-0a0f8859-425e”]The removal of cemented orthodontic bands.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Elastics (rubber bands)” el_id=”1472504038571-f2caf4f4-9039″]Used to move teeth in prescribed direction (commonly connected to molar band and upper ball hook). Found in numerous colors for better appearance.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Gingiva” el_id=”1472504038268-4f3f7f07-1215″]The tissue that surrounds the teeth, consisting of a fibrous tissue that is continuous with the periodontal ligament and mucosal covering.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Headgear” el_id=”1472504037977-37bd2195-f557″]Generic term for extraoral traction (attached around the back side of the head) for growth modification, tooth movement and anchorage.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Herbst appliance” el_id=”1472504037570-1e15783d-32c5″]Fixed or removable appliance designed commonly for overbite problems and more.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Imaging” el_id=”1472504037075-68373e4a-aead”]The process of acquiring representations of structures in either two or three dimensions.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Maxillary” el_id=”1472504036426-3b031def-5d9e”]Of or pertaining to the upper jaw. May be used to describe teeth, dental restorations, orthodontic appliances or facial structures.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Lingual appliances” el_id=”1472504283110-1d5fd1ee-f09d”]Orthodontic appliances fixed to the lingual surface of the teeth.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Lingual” el_id=”1472504283751-e931a87f-36ae”]Of or pertaining to the tongue. A term used to describe surfaces and directions toward the tongue.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Orthodontist” el_id=”1472504282813-8a011573-8356″]A dental specialist who has completed an advanced post-doctoral course, accredited by the American Dental Association, of at least two academic years in the special area of orthodontics.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Orthognathic surgery” el_id=”1472504282508-414bba67-46a7″]Surgery to alter relationships of teeth and/or supporting bones, usually accomplished in conjunction with orthodontic therapy.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Overbite” el_id=”1472504282226-965f98b6-97d0″]Vertical overlapping of upper teeth over lower teeth, usually measured perpendicular to the occlusal plane.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Straight wire appliance” el_id=”1472504281903-39a61119-b000″]A variation of the edgewise appliance in which brackets are angulated to minimize multiple archwire bends. Brackets and molar tubes have specific orientation in three planes of space.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Retention” el_id=”1472504424806-d381ec69-d3a6″]The passive treatment period following active orthodontic correction during which retaining appliances may be used.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Retainer” el_id=”1472504426174-a5fb2a7c-b9e4″]Any orthodontic appliance, fixed or removable, used to maintain the position of the teeth following corrective treatment.[/vc_toggle][vc_toggle title=”Radiograph” el_id=”1472504427518-73da612f-840b”]A permanent image, typically on film, produced by ionizing radiation. Sometimes called an X-ray after the most common source of image-producing radiation.[/vc_toggle][/vc_column][/vc_row]